Housing Systems: Combating poverty and sustaining tenancies.
Working out how much someone needs - Elements/Needs

Standard allowance

Every Universal Credit calculation includes a Standard Allowance - the rate depending on whether single or couple, over or under 25.


Elements can be given for the first and second dependent child / young person - and sometimes the third plus child / young person.

Disabled Child

A parent/guardian of a child on DLA/SCDP or PIP will have a Disabled Child Element in their UC - at one of two rates.

Limited Capability for Work

A claimant who has been found to have a limited capability for work may be entitled to an element included in their UC calculation to reflect this.


A claimant who rents, and/or has service charges can have a Housing Cost Element included in their award.


Some people who care for disabled adults or children can have a Carer Element in their UC award calculation.

Child Care

Find out who qualifies for help with childcare costs, and how much.

Transitional Element

Find out about the Transitional Elements.

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