There are different types of ESA decisions that the claimant can challenge, for example:
- A decision that they are fit for work and are therefore not entitled to ESA.
- A decision that they are in the Work Related Activity Group, not the Support Group.
- A decision that they do not have good cause for not returning, or missing the deadline for returning, the medical questionnaire (ESA50 form) or for failing to attend a medical examination and so they have been treated as fit for work and not entitled to ESA.
- The application of a sanction or the period a sanction is applied for.
Click on the links below for more information.
If the claimant wins their challenge...
- They may be due some back pay.
- If they are owed a large amount, this could be paid in instalments if it is in the interests of the claimant and the claimant agrees - more info here.
- Arrears of benefit due are disregarded as capital for 12 months (or - where the arrears are £5000 or more and are paid to compensate for an official error or an error of law, they are disregarded for the lifetime of the ESA claim (and if the claimant moves from ESA onto UC - until UC terminates). (Para 11, Schedule 9 ESA Regs 2008)